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Vatican City is a city-state within Italy and the seat of Roman Catholicism

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More Information about Iceland

With its 317,351 people, Iceland is the 177th largest country in the world by population. It is the 108th largest country in the world by area with 103,000 square kilometers.

Settled by Norwegian and Celtic (Scottish and Irish) immigrants during the late 9th and 10th centuries A.D., Iceland boasts the world's oldest functioning legislative assembly, the Althing, established in 930. Independent for over 300 years, Iceland was subsequently ruled by Norway and Denmark. Fallout from the Askja volcano of 1875 devastated the Icelandic economy and caused widespread famine. Over the next quarter century, 20% of the island's population emigrated, mostly to Canada and the US. Denmark granted limited home rule in 1874 and complete independence in 1944. The second half of the 20th century saw substantial economic growth driven primarily by the fishing industry. The economy diversified greatly after the country joined the European Economic Area in 1994, but Iceland was especially hard hit by the global financial crisis in the years following 2008. Literacy, longevity, and social cohesion are first rate by world standards.

Languages spoken: Icelandic, English, Nordic languages, German widely spoken

Reading about Iceland

Check out the recommended reading list below for great sources of information on Iceland

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